Christ and Messiah means Anointed

December 28, 2015
Mistranslations

When I was a child I thought that Jesus Christ is a full name. Jesus is the first name and Christ is the last name. I was furious when I learned that Christ is not even a name. Christ means Anointed One or Anointed King and it's not his name, it's his title.

Christ means Anointed

In most translations it goes something like

The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matthew 1:1

But what does Christ mean? Is this Jesus's second name?

First, we need to understand that the original manuscripts must have been Hebrew. Yahusha and all his disciples were Hebrews. Then this Hebrew text was translated to Greek. These Greek manuscripts were then translated to English. The Greek word in place of Christ is

Χριστός

transliterated to English as

Christos

then this transliteration was anglicized to

Christ

Christos means anointed.

Χριστός Christós, khris-tos'; from G5548; anointed, i.e. the Messiah, an epithet of Jesus:—Christ.

- Strong's

It's only proper nouns that should not be translated but transliterated. But Christos is not a proper noun, it's not a name. Christos is a title. Therefore, Christos should have been translated and it's a great tragedy that it wasn't.

So why wasn't this word translated to English?

To keep you blind from the truth. The word "Christ" has no meaning it's an anglicized transliteration of the Greek word Christos. While the word "anointed" is meaningful the word "Christ" is without meaning. Let's explore a bit more what the word "anointed" really means and it's Hebrew roots.

Christos is a translation of Messiah

He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which is, being interpreted, Christ).

- John 1:41

As we discussed earlier the original text was most likely Hebrew and this was translated to Greek. The translators added an explanation in brackets to the word (Messiah)

Correctly this verse should read:

He first found his own brother, Simon, and said to him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which is, being interpreted, Anointed).

John 1:41

Here is another example of Messiah explained.

The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah comes, he who is called Christ. When he has come, he will declare to us all things.”

- John 4:25

So we now established that Christos was translated from Messiah, what does Messiah mean? For this, we will go to research older Hebrew texts.

Messiah means anointed

The anointed priest shall take some of the blood of the bull, and bring it to the Tent of Meeting.

- Leviticus 4:5

Check the original Hebrew in the Blue Letter Bible.

The word anointed was translated from the Hebrew word

משיח

which is transliterated to

mashiyach

this was incorrectly translated/transliterated to Messiah. But you can see that Messiah means Anointed.

This is the definition by Strong's lexicon:

מָשִׁיחַ mâshîyach, maw-shee'-akh; from H4886; anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically, the Messiah:—anointed, Messiah.

So there you have it, Messiah and Christ mean the same. They mean Anointed. There is no reason to use either of them when talking or writing in English as they can be and should be translated as Anointed. In my post Bible: the book lost in translation, and how to get it back I describe good and bad translation principles.

The correct translation of Mashiyach and Christos is either

Anointed

or

Anointed One

or

Anointed King

If we take into account that for the "ordinary" Hebrew listener of the time it was obvious that the Anointed One is a King then "Anointed King" could be a viable translation as the word Anointed does not carry the meaning of King in Western/Gentile cultures and languages.

Now as we established the meaning of Christ and Messiah let's have a look at the deeper meaning of the word Anointed. The word Christ is found more than 500 times and the word Anointed more than 100 times in the Scriptures.

Yahusha the Anointed High Priest

We know from the Law that high priests were anointed.

The congregation shall deliver the man slayer out of the hand of the avenger of blood, and the congregation shall restore him to his city of refuge, where he had fled. He shall dwell therein until the death of the high priest, who was anointed with the holy oil.

Numbers 35:25

Yahusha the Anointed King

Kings were also anointed. Here we can read about how Samuel anointed Saul to be king.

As they were going down at the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, “Tell the servant to go on ahead of us.” He went ahead, then Samuel said, “But stand still first, that I may cause you to hear God’s message.”

1 Samuel 9:27

Then Samuel took the vial of oil, and poured it on his head, and kissed him, and said, “Hasn’t Yahuah anointed you to be prince over his inheritance?

1 Samuel 10:1

The Hebrew word for anoint used here is again mashach.

The Son of the Almighty is also our King and so that's another reason why he is called the Anointed one (perhaps the most important reason).

Let's look at how Yahuah talks about his Anointed King, Yahusha.

Why do the nations rage, and the peoples plot a vain thing? The kings of the earth take a stand, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahuah, and against his Anointed, saying, “Let’s break their bonds apart, and cast their cords from us.” He who sits in the heavens will laugh. The Lord will have them in derision. Then he will speak to them in his anger, and terrify them in his wrath: “Yet I have set my King on my holy hill of Zion.” I will tell of the decree.Yahuah said to me, “You are my son. Today I have become your father. Ask of me, and I will give the nations for your inheritance, the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession. You shall break them with a rod of iron. You shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.” Now therefore be wise, you kings. Be instructed, you judges of the earth. Serve Yahuah with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Give sincere homage to the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish on the way, for his wrath will soon be kindled. Blessed are all those who take refuge in him.

Psalms 2

The Hebrew for Anointed is again mashiyach. Clearly Yahuah is talking about his Anointed King, Yahusha.

Those who strive with Yahuah shall be broken to pieces. He will thunder against them in the sky. “Yahuah will judge the ends of the earth. He will give strength to his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.”

1 Samuel 2:10

The Hebrew word for anointed is again mashiyach. Again Yahuah talking about his Anointed King, Yahusha.

And here Yahusha himself testifying that he is the Anointed one.

The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the broken hearted, to proclaim release to the captives, recovering of sight to the blind, to deliver those who are crushed,

Luke 4:18

The wise men were looking for the King of the Jews, the Anointed one.

Now when Yahusha was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, “Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we saw his star in the east, and have come to worship him.”

- Matthew 2:1-2

Kings sit on thrones.

Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Anointed to sit on his throne,

- Acts 2:30

He was welcomed as a King to Jerusalem.

As he was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they had seen, saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest!”

- Luke 19:37-38

In this verse, we can see the "crime" for what he was crucified for. It was because he was the King of the Jews, the Anointed one.

They set up over his head the accusation against him written, “THIS IS YAHUSHA, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

- Matthew 27:37

The King preached the Kingdom

For Hebrews, observing the Instructions of Moses (such as Yahusha's disciples), it was obvious that when someone talked about the Anointed one, then it meant the coming King foretold by the Scriptures.

After his immersion by John and the temptation in the wilderness, he started to preach about the Kingdom. Since he was the coming King, he was talking about His Kingdom.

From that time, Yahusha began to preach, and to say, “Repent! For the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.

- Matthew 4:17

Yahusha went about in all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing every disease and every sickness among the people.

- Matthew 4:23

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.

- Matthew 5:3

Why would he preach about a Kingdom unless he was the King?

Why this is important

There is a huge difference between saying

Jesus Christ

Where none of the words mean a thing.

Or saying

Yahusha the Anointed King

It changes context. It means we belong to a Kingdom of the Anointed a King by Yahuah the Most High. It means that we are under the authority of that Anointed King. And it means that we shall obey that Anointed King.

Consider these verses with correct translations how it changes context and adds meaning:

He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter answered, “You are the Anointed King, the Son of the living God.”
Yahusha answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.

- Matthew 16:15-17

Pilate said to them, “What then shall I do to Yahusha, who is called the Anointed King?”
They all said to him, “Let him be crucified!”

- Matthew 27:22

They set up over his head the accusation against him written, “THIS IS YAHUSHA, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

Matthew 27:37

The kings of the earth take a stand, 
and the rulers take council together,
against the Lord, and against his Anointed King.

- Acts 4:26

A King was anointed that is above all other Kings. And so all other Kingdoms and Constitutions shall fall before him. And this is the Yahusha that we should be preaching. Not the "meaningless" Jesus Christ but the "meaningful" Anointed King Yahusha!

Barnabas Nagy
Barnabas Nagy

I’m Barnabas, a servant of Yahuah, who loves writing songs and blogging about the truth. Together with my lovely wife I run a small homestead where we raise free range organic chicken, ducks and turkey. We also have a garden where we grow seasonal vegetable. As you can tell, I'm keen on healthy living, self-expression and creativity. Continue reading